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Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED)

Annual tax on enveloped dwellings (ATED)

Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED)

The Annual Tax on enveloped Dwelling (ATED) applies in the main to companies that own residential property in the UK. The amount of the tax depends on the value of the property and only applies where the property is valued at more than £500,000.

Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED)

A liability to the Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) arises where a property that is classed as a ‘dwelling’ is owned completely or partly by a company, a partnership where any of the partners is a company, or by a collective investment scheme (for example, a unit trust or an open-ended investment vehicle), and that property is worth more than £500,000.

A property is classed as a dwelling if all or part of it is used or could be used, as a residence. The definition of dwelling includes houses and flats. Where the property has a garden or grounds, these too form part of the dwelling.

However, the definition of ‘dwelling’ excludes hotels, guest houses, boarding house accommodation, student halls of residents, care homes, hospitals, military accommodation, and prisons.

In some circumstances, it may be possible to claim relief from the charge, for example, if it is let to a third party on a commercial basis or open to the public for at least 28 days a year. Details of the reliefs and exemptions can be found on the Gov.uk website.

Valuing the property

To ascertain whether the Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) applies and if it does, the amount of the tax, the property’s value must be known. For Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) purposes, properties are revalued every five years; from 1 April 2018, the charge is based on the value as at 1 April 2017. The next revaluation date is 1 April 2022.

The value of the property is the price that it would fetch in the open market with a willing buyer and a willing seller. If help is needed in working out how many scopes of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) is due, HMRC can provide a pre-return banding check. Applications can be made on the Gov.uk website using the PRBC form.

Chargeable period

The chargeable period for the Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) runs from 1 April to the following 31 March.

Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) returns

Where the property in respect of which liability to the Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) is held on 1 April, a return for the period that commences on that date must be filed by 30 April in that year. Thus, where a property within the Scope of the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED) is held on 1 April 2020, a return for the chargeable period that runs from 1 April 2020 to 30 March 2021 must be filed by 30 April 2020. Returns must be filed online.

Amount of the charge

The amount that charged depends on the value of the property. The charge for the period from 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021 is shown in the table below. It must be paid by 30 April 2020.

Property value Annual charge
More than £500,000 up to £1 million £3,700
More than £1 million up to £2 million £7,500
More than £2 million up to £5 million £25,200
More than £5 million up to £10 million £58,850
More than £10 million up to £20 million £118,050
More than £20 million £236,250

For more information on ATED, Book a Free Consultation

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